Monday, April 14, 2014

Enabling hibernation in Ubuntu server 12.04

In Ubuntu 12.04 and newer, hibernation has been disabled by default in policykit.

Type the following command:

sudo nano /etc/polkit-1/localauthority/50-local.d/com.ubuntu.enable-hibernate.pkla

Fill it with this:
[Re-enable hibernate by default]
Identity=unix-user:*
Action=org.freedesktop.upower.hibernate
ResultActive=yes
Save by pressing Ctrl-O then enter and then exit nano by pressing Ctrl-X.

Tuesday, February 18, 2014

Some important links for interview Linux questions

When user create a file or directory under Linux or UNIX, she create it with a default set of permissions. In most case the system defaults may be open or relaxed for file sharing purpose. For example, if a text file has 666 permissions, it grants read and write permission to everyone. Similarly a directory with 777 permissions, grants read, write, and execute permission to everyone.

Setting crontab every second
*/* * * * * script.sh
Boot sequence for X11/GUI mode/Runlevel 5 in Linux SysV Init
init Runlevel File Locations
RunlevelDirectory
0/etc/rc.d/rc0.d
1/etc/rc.d/rc1.d
2/etc/rc.d/rc2.d
3/etc/rc.d/rc3.d
4/etc/rc.d/rc4.d
5/etc/rc.d/rc5.d
6/etc/rc.d/rc6.d

When a Linux system running SysV Init begins to boot with its kernel, it first runs the /sbin/init program, which does some system checks, such as verifying the integrity of the file systems, and starts vital programs needed for the operating system to function properly. It then inspects the /etc/inittab file to determine Linux's overall mode of operation or runlevel.
Suid & Sgid
suid the particular command will run with the owner's permission not with the user's permission. No effect on directories.
sgid the particular directory will run with the group's permission. No effect on files.

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dmidecode command in Linux

dmidecode command is used to view the bios and serial number, system model number etc. This command is very similar to start->run->msinfo32 in Windows.

Monday, February 17, 2014

Firefox27 works good in RHEL6.0

Simple steps to install firefox 27 in RHEL6.0

1. Goto the firefox website and download the latest firefox
2. goto the particular directory (say /root/Desktop/firefox).
3. #chmod +x *.*
4. ./firefox