Wednesday, May 23, 2012

Course Outline for Ubuntu 12.04


Course methodology

This course helps transition participants from graphical user interface tools to the command-line interface. It provides a solid background in Linux using Ubuntu as the environment for exploration and learning. Lab exercises combined with highly engaging activities will be used to reinforce learning objectives.

Course schedule

Days 1 + 2: General Linux and Ubuntu introduction
Lesson 1: Ubuntu background and Linux (1 hour)
  • Describe the history of Linux and the Ubuntu distribution.
  • Explain the Ubuntu release cycle.
  • Describe the Ubuntu community structure and governance board.
Lesson 2: Ubuntu desktop tour (1 hour)
  • Describe the key features of Ubuntu Desktop. 
  • Customise the desktop settings. 
  • Navigate to directories and files in Nautilus. 
  • Install and remove applications.
  • Add new language settings.
Lesson 3: Using the command line interface (CLI) and sudo (3 hours)
  • Essential CLI commands. 
    • cd, ls, grep, echo, uname, cat, less, more, rm, mkdir, touch, mv, nano. 
    • arguments.
    • man command. 
    • sudo command.
Lesson 4: Networking basics (2 hours)
  • Current configuration of network interfaces. 
    • ip, ipconfig, /etc/resolv.conf, route.
  • Changing the network configuration. 
  • Testing for a working network connection.
    • ping, dig, host, nslookup. 
  • • Managing the network with Network Manager.
    • adsl, wifi, ethernet. 
  • Analyzing the network using Network Tools.
Lesson 5: Filesystem and basic backups (3 hours)
  • Storage device naming system. 
  • The Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS). 
  • Mounting and unmounting devices.
    • mount, umount. 
  • Configuring fstab.
    • /etc/fstab. 
  • Symbolic links. 
  • Creating an ext4 file system.
    • ext2, ext4, xfs, mkfs. 
  • Managing file systems.
    • fsck, debugfs, dump2fs, e2label.
Lesson 6: Permissions - User management (4 hours)
  • Managing user accounts and groups. 
    • adduser, deluser, addgourp, delgroup.
  • Different file system permissions. 
  • Assigning permissions to different users and groups.
    • chmod, chown, chgrp. 
  • Creating default settings for new user accounts.
    • /etc/adduser.conf. 
  • Creating a default environment using /etc/profile.
Lesson 7: Process management (2 hours)
  • Displaying and interpreting process statistics.
    • top, ps.
  • Managing processes.
    • kill, nice, renice.
  • Scheduling processes (pending upstart plans).
    • at, cron. 
  • Finding out who's using files or devices.
    • lsof
Days 3 - 5
Lesson 8: Ubuntu background, community and support (2 hours)
  • The Ubuntu community structure and governance board. 
  • Technical board, Linus, Linux, GNU, Debian.
  • Support resources from Canonical, partners, and the user community including:
  • Mailing lists. 
  • IRC channels. 
  • Launchpad and other sources for researching and reporting bugs.
  • Official Ubuntu documentation and community documentation. 
  • Ubuntu release cycle.
  • LTS, regular.
Lesson 9: Service management (6 hours)
  • Upstart. 
  • SystemV compatibility. 
  • Starting and stopping system services.
  • Kernel management and boot procedures (2 hours) 
  • Explain the working and functionality of Grub2.
    • update-grub[2]. 
  • Customise the Grub2 boot environment.
    • /etc/default/grub. 
  • Explain the modular kernel.
    • modinfo, /etc/modules, /lib/modules, /boot, /etc/initramfs, update- initramfs.
  • Manage kernel modules. 
    • modprobe, rmmod, /etc/modprobe.d.
  • Describe how udev creates device interfaces for hardware. 
    • udev rules, udevadm, /etc/udev/rules.d.
  • Hardware management and monitoring (2 hours) 
  • Manage partitions.
    • fdisk, cfdisk, system->administration->disk utility, parted. 
  • Display hardware information.
    • lsusb, lshw, lspci, dmesg, lscpu, lsscsi.
  • Monitor a hard drive through the SMART interface. 
    • smartctl.
  • Use the memtest facility. 
    • /boot/memtest86+.bin, grub.
Lesson 10 - Package management (3 hours)
  • Explain how packages are used in Ubuntu. 
    • packages vs applications, dependencies, conflicts, recommendations.
  • Explain apt system, repositories and meta packages. 
    • apt-get, apt-cache, apt-key, repositories, meta packages.
  • Manage packages using the appropriate tools. 
    • tasksel, update-manager, Ubuntu Software Centre.
Lesson 11 - Providing services (3 hours)
  • Setup a basic LAMP environment. 
    • tasksel install lamp-server. 
    • /var/www/phpinfo.php.
  • Setup a basic Samba file server. 
    • apt-get install samba. 
    • /etc/samba.smb.conf.. 
    • smbpasswd.
  • Set up SSH for remote access. 
    • apt-get install ssh.
Lesson 12 - Security (2 hours)
  • Explain how AppArmor uses default profiles to secure your services. 
    • /etc/apparmor.d.
  • Display current profiles used by AppArmor. 
    • aa-status.
  • Explain how UFW works to protect your system. 
    • ufw.
  • Configure UFW. 
    • ufw enable|disable etc.
Lesson – 13 GNOME configuration (2 hours)
  • Localise your GNOME environment. 
    • system -> administration -> language support.
  • Manage your GNOME configuration and restore a default state. 
    • gconf-editor, gconftool.
  • Customise the GNOME environment. 
    • gdmsetup, /etc/gdm/.
  • Connect to a network printer. 
    • system -> administration -> printing.
Lesson 14 - Monitoring / Landscape (1 hour)
  • Set up munin for monitoring. 
    • apt-get install munin munin-node, /etc/munin/.
  • Set up a landscape account. 
    • apt-get install landscape-client ; dpkg-reconfigure landscape-client.
  • Register a computer with landscape.

1 Comment:

mahasiswa teladan said...

hi..Im college student, thanks for sharing :)